Yalta Agreement And Poland

Professor Kornat stressed that the Yalta agreement had “considered free elections, but had entrusted its organization to a communist-dominated government.” He found that the Yalta agreement was still “trampled and violated” by Stalin. The decisions of February 1945 still aroused debate among historians. Some of them claim that the ussr`s post-war slavery of Poland is not due to the agreement of the Yalta Conference, but to Stalin`s violation of the agreement between 1945 and 1947. Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met from February 4 to 11 in the city of Yalta, Crimea, Russia, with their own conference orders. For Stalin, the main objectives were post-war economic assistance to Russia and recognition by the United States and Great Britain of a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. Churchill had the protection of the British Empire in the foreground, but he also wanted to clarify the status of post-war Germany. Roosevelt`s objectives were consensual on the creation of the United Nations and the obtaining of the Soviet agreement to go to war with Japan after Hitler`s defeat. None of them left Yalta fully satisfied. There has been no definitive determination of financial aid to Russia. Many questions concerning Germany have been postponed for further discussions. As for the United Nations, Stalin wanted to represent the 16 Soviet republics in the General Assembly, but settled for three (the Soviet Union as a whole, Belarus and Ukraine).

The Soviets, however, agreed to join the war against Japan, 90 days after Hitler`s defeat in Germany. The agreement calls on the signatories to “deliberate together on the measures necessary to fulfil the common responsibilities defined in this declaration.” During the discussions on Yalta, Molotov added language that weakens the implication of the application of the declaration. [19] Churchill defended his action in Yalta during a three-day parliamentary debate that began on 27 February and ended with a vote of confidence. During the debate, many MPs criticized Churchill and expressed deep reservations about Yalta and his support for Poland, 25 of whom drafted an amendment to protest the agreement. [22] The February 1945 agreements are also seen as a purely political confirmation of Soviet rule east of the Elbe after the Red Army took control of the region. But there is no doubt that the post-war order from the three major talks has marked international politics for almost half a century and that its consequences are still visible in current conflicts and political divisions, particularly in Central and Eastern Europe. However, on the question of Poland`s post-war status, the hostility and mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union, which would characterize the Cold War, was most evident. Soviet troops already had control of Poland, a pro-communist provisional government had already been formed and Stalin insisted that Russia`s interests be recognized in that nation.