More generally, writers have prefisted Marxist and feminist interpretations of treaties. Attempts have been made to develop the purpose and nature of the treatise as a phenomenon of global understanding, in particular the relational theory of contracts, originally developed by American scientists Ian Roderick Macneil and Stewart Macaulay, which was based, at least in part, on the theory of contracts of the American scientist Lon L. Fuller, while American scientists have been at the forefront of developing theories of economic contracts, which have focused on issues relating to transaction costs and the so-called “Efficient Breach” theory.  In my view, the procedural judge erred in law, since he conducted a purely subjective test to determine whether there was a contract between the parties regarding the felling of the tree. As Professor John McCamus points out in The Law of Contracts (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2005) at 497, courts may also consider external standards explicitly mentioned in the treaty, i.e. through current practice in a given field.  In addition, the Tribunal may also include a time limit; If the price is excluded, the court may charge a reasonable price, with the exception of land and second-hand goods that are unique. Finally, a modern concern, which has increased in contract law, is the increasing use of a particular type of contract known as “membership contracts” or form contracts. This type of contract may be beneficial for some parties, since in one case the strong party has imposed the contractual terms of a weaker party. For example, mortgage contracts, rental agreements, online sales or signing agreements, etc.
In some cases, the courts view these membership contracts with particular scrutiny because of the possibility of unequal bargaining power, injustice and impitoyability. Generally speaking, the elements of a contract described below must be fulfilled if an agreement in court is to be considered a legally binding contract: 1. Offer and acceptance: one party must make an offer to do something or make something available to the other party, and the other party must accept this offer. 2. Legal considerations: each party must provide something valuable. In many contracts, this means that one party provides a service (for example. B car maintenance) or a product (e.g. B a car) for money. 3. Capacity to establish a contract: each party must have the capacity to conclude a contract. In most jurisdictions, this means that they must be at least a certain age and a healthy mind.
For companies, this may mean that the person is expressly entitled to enter into a contract in the company`s articles of association or other formal documents. 4. Legal formalities, if any: Certain types of contracts require certain formalities such as witnesses to be valid. Recently, it has been accepted that there is a third category, restitution obligations based on the unjustified enrichment of the defendant at the expense of the applicant. Contractual liability, which reflects the constitutive function of the contract, is generally not to improve things (by not providing the expected performance), liability for unlawful act is generally liable for acts (as opposed to omissions) that make things worse, and liability for reimbursement is related to the unjustified taking or withholding of the benefit of the applicant`s money or work.  To enter into a contract, a party must first make an offer. . . .