As with any contract, there are a number of risks associated with contract farming. Among the most common problems are farmers who sell to a buyer other than the one with whom they have a contract (known as by-sale, out-of-contract marketing or “pole vaulting” in the Philippines) or the use of inputs supplied by the company for purposes other than those envisaged. On the other hand, a company sometimes does not buy products at the agreed prices or in the agreed quantities or arbitrarily reduces the quality of production. However, not all products banned by the Centre or the Land Government or by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research would be covered by contract farming. Prime Minister Edappadi K.M. Palaniswami gave instructions to officials to complete the completion of the rules and ensure early implementation of the law, the press release added. This approach is mainly used for tree crops such as oil palm and rubber. The multi-stakeholder model typically includes a partnership between governments, private companies and farmers. At a lower level of refinement, the intermediate model may include subcontracting by firms to intermediaries who have their own (informal) agreements with farmers. . .